Herpes



Herpes 2376
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Herpes is an infection caused by a virus that sometimes produces painful, recurring skin blisters around the mouth or in the genital area.

KEYWORDS

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Herpes simplex

Herpesvirus

Herpetic infections

Cold sores or fever blisters—those annoying purplish-reddish-whitish blisters that tend to pop up around people's mouths—are the most familiar sign of herpes, one of the world's commonest viral infections. Its full name is herpes simplex infection, and it occurs around the globe, even among remote Indian tribes in Brazil.

Herpes simplex is best known for causing cold sores or genital blisters that go away on their own, only to break out again weeks or months or even years later. While these can be painful and upsetting, they usually are not serious, and outbreaks get milder as time goes on. When herpes causes genital sores, it is considered a sexually transmitted disease.

In rare cases, herpes simplex can infect the eyes or internal organs, including the brain, where it may cause an infection called viral encephalitis (en-sef-a-LY-tis). If the virus spreads to newborn babies, or to people with weakened immune systems, it can be serious, even fatal. Most often, however, herpes causes no symptoms at all or symptoms so mild that people do not realize they are infected with the virus.

What Is Herpes?

There are two types of herpes simplex virus. Both types can infect the mouth or the genitals. Usually, however, mouth blisters are caused by herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), and genital blisters are caused by herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2).

HSV-1

HSV-1 is common in children, and more than 90 percent of Americans become infected with it. It is spread by direct contact with an infected area—kissing a person with a cold sore, for instance—or by saliva. Although it does not usually spread on objects, some experts advise washing an infected person's eating utensils and towels before others use them.

HSV-2

HSV-2 usually is spread by sexual contact with an infected person. About 22 percent of adult Americans, or 1 in 5, have it. That number has risen sharply since 1980, with the fastest increase occurring among teenagers. HSV-2 spreads most easily when blisters are visible, or just before they appear. But it can be contagious * even when there are no symptoms, and infected people often pass it on without knowing they have it. For this reason, genital herpes is sometimes called a silent epidemic.

If a woman becomes newly infected with genital herpes during pregnancy, the infection can spread to the baby, who may be born prematurely, become very sick, or even die.

* contagious means transmittable from one person to another.

People can avoid infection by not engaging in sexual activity. For sexually active people, having few sexual partners and using latex condoms can reduce the chances of infection. Difficult as it may be, people with genital herpes should tell any potential sexual partner that they are infected. They should not have sex during an outbreak or if they feel an outbreak coming on.

What Happens During the First Herpes Outbreak?

In herpes of the mouth or of the genitals, the first signs are usually itching, fever, and aches. Within hours or days, the skin breaks out in clusters of small blisters filled with fluid. In a week or two, the blisters begin to heal, drying into a yellowish crust. After three weeks, they usually are gone. The first time symptoms occur, they usually are more severe, especially in young children, who may have many painful mouth sores, swollen gums, fever, and aching muscles. When the symptoms recur, they usually are milder. Although the first outbreak usually starts within 10 days of infection, sometimes people do not notice blisters until years after they were infected.

Why Does Herpes Keep Coming Back?

When the blisters fade away, the virus hides out in nerve cells in a latent * , or inactive, condition. Weeks, months, or years later, it becomes active again and begins replicating (making copies of itself) in the skin. During these active periods, the virus is contagious, whether or not blisters are visible. What triggers the active periods? Too much sunlight, infection with a cold or flu, stress at home, school, or at work—all these may help set it off.

A doctor who suspects that a person has herpes, based on the symptoms, can use a swab to take cells from a blister and examine them under a microscope. The doctor also can send the sample to a laboratory to make sure of the diagnosis.

Cold sores usually need no treatment, although ice or cold drinks can help relieve the pain. Steroid (cortisone) creams should be avoided, because they can make the blisters last longer.

To shorten outbreaks of genital herpes, a doctor may prescribe an antiviral drug such as acyclovir to be applied as a cream or taken as pills. Although there is no cure for herpes simplex, it usually can be controlled such that it causes a person little trouble.

Did You Know?

  • More than 90 percent of American adults have been infected with herpes simplex virus 1, which can cause cold sores.
  • An estimated 22 percent of American adults have been infected with herpes simplex virus 2, which can cause genital blisters.
  • Among Americans thought to have genital herpes, probably only 10 percent know they have it.
  • Besides herpes simplex, other kinds of herpes viruses cause different illnesses, such as chickenpox, shingles, and cytomegalovirus.

* latent infections are dormant illnesses that may or may not show the signs and symptoms of active diseases.

Resources

The National Herpes Hotline is open Monday-Friday, 9 AM to 7 PM EST. Run by the American Social Health Association, it offers written material on genital herpes and a chance to talk to a counselor, although there may be a wait. The American Social Health Association also has a Herpes Resource Center at its website.
Telephone 919-361-8488
http://www.ashastd.org/main/main.html

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has a National Sexually Transmitted Diseases Hotline that is open Monday- Friday, 8 AM to 11 PM EST. It has counselors who can answer many questions about genital herpes.
Telephone 800-227-8922
The CDC also posts information about herpes at its website.
http://cdc.gov/nchstp/dstd/GenitalHerpes-facts.htm

Cafe Herpe is a website, run by a drug company, that offers clear and easy-to-follow information about genital herpes.
http://www.cafeherpe.com

KidsHealth.org , the website created by the Nemours Foundation, has much information about herpes and other infections.
http://KidsHealth.org

See also
Canker Sores
Chickenpox
Cytomegalovirus
Encephalitis
Genital Warts
Pregnancy, Complications of
Sexually Transmiffed Diseases
Shingles
Viral Infections
Warts

User Contributions:

Kenneth Laura
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Jul 28, 2015 @ 10:10 am
Herpes is a sexually transmitted virus that primarily infects the mouth and the genitals. It is transmitted by bodily fluids – penetration isn’t required for transmission, oral-oral or oral-genital contact will suffice. I WAS ONCE HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS patient, I have HSVI genitally and I'm one of the rare cases where I was infected by sexual contact. The person who infected me was unaware that he had it, and he tested negative on a blood test (he probably got it from his mother at birth and never had an outbreak in his life). I'm sure I have HSVI (they did a culture of the fluid from the sores i had during my initial outbreak). So it is possible to contract HSVI by asymptomatic asexual contact, so please people talk about this and prevent anyone else from getting it, I'm kind of going through something. Four years ago my love and I both had an OB and when I got the blood work done it came back negative. We were happy in the relationship so I learned to accept it and never really bothered to get tested again. Now, that we broke up I decided to get tested again. I came back negative for both HSV-1 and HSV-2 (got the news!) and have not had an OB since the initial one four years ago. My X on the other hand has had a few small outbreaks and never came back positive for HSV-1. Only the help of Dr Odia where able to help me out with is Root and Herbs, if you are having any type of this disease or infection kindly email doctor Odia for cure:(drodiaherbalistcenter@gmail.com )
Diana
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Jul 28, 2015 @ 7:19 pm
HI all viewers my name is Diana this is how i get cure of my HERPES GENITAL VIRUS with the help of Dr. Agumagu,i have being suffering for this disease for a very long time now.i have try several means to get rid of it was, HERPES disease for the last four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulate all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (Hepatitis B and Cancer) by this Man Dr. Agumagu and she also gave the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. Agumagu telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as the Doctor assured me that i am cured,after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE,So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email Dr. Agumagu on agumaguspelltemple@outlook.com or agumaguspelltemple@gmail.com sir i am indeed grateful for the help i will forever recommend you to my friends and to share this to every one that have any of this sickness you can call him on via +2348158847627
cindy
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Jul 29, 2015 @ 6:18 pm
My name is Cindy Lucas, I want to share my testimonies to the general public on how this great man
called Dr. ogun cure my sister from Genetic Herpes with the herbal medication gotten from
Dr.Ogun, he cures other diseases too herbal is a great medication. To hell with the government
and their insane policy, he have a medication that is hundred percent assured to cure genital
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the deadly disease that hold no respect to family harmony. Thank you for reading my comment
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Jul 29, 2015 @ 8:20 pm
Hello Everyone out there,I am here to give my testimony about a Herbalist doctor who helped me in my life. I was infected with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in 2010, i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution out so that my body can be okay. One day I was in the river side thinking where I can go to get solution. so a lady walked to me telling me why am I so sad and i open up all to her telling her my problem, she told me that she can help me out, she introduce me to a doctor who uses herbal medication to cure HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS and gave me his email, so i mail him. He told me all the things I need to do and also give me instructions to take, which I followed properly. Before I knew what is happening after two weeks the HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS that was in my body got vanished . so if you are also heart broken and also need a help, you can also email him at:drboadiherbalcenter@gmail.com / herpesherbalcure@gmail.com .
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jul 29, 2015 @ 8:20 pm
Hello Everyone out there,I am here to give my testimony about a Herbalist doctor who helped me in my life. I was infected with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in 2010, i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution out so that my body can be okay. One day I was in the river side thinking where I can go to get solution. so a lady walked to me telling me why am I so sad and i open up all to her telling her my problem, she told me that she can help me out, she introduce me to a doctor who uses herbal medication to cure HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS and gave me his email, so i mail him. He told me all the things I need to do and also give me instructions to take, which I followed properly. Before I knew what is happening after two weeks the HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS that was in my body got vanished . so if you are also heart broken and also need a help, you can also email him at:drboadiherbalcenter@gmail.com / herpesherbalcure@gmail.com .
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jul 29, 2015 @ 8:20 pm
Hello Everyone out there,I am here to give my testimony about a Herbalist doctor who helped me in my life. I was infected with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in 2010, i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution out so that my body can be okay. One day I was in the river side thinking where I can go to get solution. so a lady walked to me telling me why am I so sad and i open up all to her telling her my problem, she told me that she can help me out, she introduce me to a doctor who uses herbal medication to cure HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS and gave me his email, so i mail him. He told me all the things I need to do and also give me instructions to take, which I followed properly. Before I knew what is happening after two weeks the HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS that was in my body got vanished . so if you are also heart broken and also need a help, you can also email him at:drboadiherbalcenter@gmail.com / herpesherbalcure@gmail.com .
ella
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Jul 29, 2015 @ 9:21 pm
HOW I GOT CURED FROM AVS DISEASE)
I am from U.S.A, I was diagnosed of AVS disease (Lou Gehrig’s disease) in 2012 and I have tried all I can to get cured but all to no avail, my life was gradually coming to an end, until i saw a post in a health forum about a herbal doctor from Africa who prepares herbal cure to cure HIV/ and all kind of diseases including ALS, MND, Epilepsy, Leukemia, Asthma, Cancer, Gonorrhea etc, at first i doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try, when i contact this herbal doctor via his email, he prepared an AVS herbal portion and sent it to me through courier service, when i received this herbal portion, he gave me step by step instructions on how to apply it, when i applied it as instructed, i was cured of this deadly disease within 7 days, I could not walk or talk understandably before but after i took the herbal cure as he instructed i regained strength in my bones and i could talk properly unlike before, I am now free from the deadly disease, all thanks to Dr fara. Contact this great herbal doctor via his email drfaraspelltemple@gmail.com you can also contact him on his mobile +2348054265852

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