Worms



Worms are invertebrate (in-VER-te-bret) animals, which means they lack spinal columns (backbones). Worms can cause certain types of parasitic infestation * in humans.

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Cestodes

Infestation

Nematodes

Parasites

Trematodes

Diseases and conditions caused by worms are as varied as the types of worms that cause them. Worms that act as parasites * come in thousands of different species, including roundworms, tapeworms, flatworms, flukes, and leeches. The worms may be microscopic, or they may be as long as 9 meters (almost 30 feet).

Some worms cause painful and deforming conditions, while others are barely noticed by the host. Some worm infestations clear up after a short time, while others cause long-term problems that affect many different body organs and may even cause death. Common garden earth-worms do not cause human illness.

Frequent handwashing, good hygiene, good sanitary conditions, and clean water can help prevent worm infections. Prompt diagnosis and treatment by a doctor can help clear up worm infestations.

* infestation occurs when parasites are living on or in the body tissues of a human or other host.

* parasites are creatures that live in and feed on the bodies of other organisms.

See also
Ascariasis
Hookworm
Parasitic Diseases
Pinworm (Enterobiasis)
Schistosomiasis
Tapeworm
Toxocariasis
Trichinosis

Resources

The World Health Organization's Division of Control of Tropical Diseases posts many fact sheets about worm infections at its website.
http://www.who.int/ctd/html/intest.html

The U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases posts a fact sheet about parasitic roundworm diseases at its website.
http://www.niaid.nih.gov/factsheets/roundwor.htm

Also read article about Worms from Wikipedia

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