Staphylococcal Infections



Staphylococcal (stah-fih-lo-KAH-kul) infections are infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (stah-fih-lo-KAH-kus ARE-ree-us) and related species of bacteria.

KEYWORDS

for searching the Internet and other reference sources

Antibiotic resistance

Cellulitis

Food poisoning

Impetigo

Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Scalded skin syndrome

Staphylococcus aureus

Toxic shock syndrome

Vancomycin Intermediate staphylococcus aureus (VISA)

What Are Staphylococcal Infections?

They cannot be seen with the naked eye, but bacteria cover the skin's surface. Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, also called staph bacteria, often live on people's skin, particularly around openings such as the nose, mouth, genitals * , and rectum * and sometimes inside the nose and mouth, without causing disease. But when a person's skin is broken or cut, the bacteria can enter the wound and cause an infection. Staph infections range from minor skin infections to joint, bone, or lung infections to widespread or systemic infections. Some strains * of staph produce a toxin (or poison) that causes illness.

Newborns, elderly people, and people with immune systems weakened by diseases such as cancer and AIDS * are at greater risk of serious staph infections. Some serious infections can be acquired in a hospital when a patient is being treated for another condition.

How Common Are They?

Some species of staph bacteria are present on people's skin all the time. The more dangerous Staphylococcus aureus may come and go regularly from people's noses and skin. Skin infections caused by staph, such as boils, are quite common. Many staph infections are minor and do not require treatment; serious staph infections are less common.

* genitals (JEH-nih-tuls) are the external sexual organs.

* rectum is the final portion of the large intestine, connecting the colon to the anus.

* strains are various subtypes of organisms, such as viruses or bacteria.

* AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency (ih-myoo-no-dih-FIH-shen-see) syndrome, is an infection that severely weakens the immune system; It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Are They Contagious?

Sometimes staph infections of the skin are contagious. If a person touches another person who has a staph infection of the skin and then touches his or her own mouth or nose or an area of broken skin, the staph infection can spread. A person also can spread the bacteria from one part of the body to another through touch. Staph can be transmitted via contaminated surfaces and food and through the air as well.

What Are Some Types of Staph Infections?

Impetigo (im-pih-TEE-go) is a skin infection that usually occurs around the nose and mouth. In impetigo, fluid-filled blisters develop and often burst and form yellowish crusts. Impetigo is a contagious infection that can spread if a person scratches the blisters and then scratches or touches another area of the body.

Carbuncles (KAR-bung-kulz) and furuncles (FYOOR-ung-kulz), also known as boils, are staph infections that produce a red, swollen bump filled with pus * in the skin surrounding a hair follicle * . With boils pus forms in a single hair follicle, whereas carbuncles form from grouped furuncles and have several small chambers, like a series of connected boils.

Cellulitis (sel-yoo-LYE-tis) is an infection of the deeper layers of the skin and the connective tissues below the skin's surface. People with cellulitis usually have an area of red, swollen, tender, warm skin. They also may have fever, swollen lymph nodes * , and a general feeling of illness. Cellulitis is most common on the face and lower legs.

Scalded skin syndrome (also known as Ritter disease) is a staph infection that typically occurs in infants and children less than 5 years old and causes large portions of skin to be shed from the body. In this condition the staph bacteria produce a toxin that damages skin. Fluid collects beneath the skin and loosens it so that large portions slip off when rubbed. When the skin slips off, it leaves raw areas that eventually crust over. When the area under the skin is exposed, the child is at risk of excessive fluid loss and additional bacterial infections. Other symptoms include fever and skin redness and tenderness. Babies with this condition may become extremely ill.

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a severe infection that, like scalded skin syndrome, is caused by a toxin produced by staph bacteria. It was first recognized in the late 1970s and early 1980s, mostly among women who were using certain types of very absorbent tampons, but it can occur in people of both sexes and in both children and adults. Because this type of absorbent tampon is no longer available, TSS now usually develops after surgery or in wounds that, in most cases, do not look infected but contain the toxin-producing staph. Skin abscesses * or other staphylococcal infections also may lead to TSS. Symptoms of TSS include sudden fever, low blood pressure, very red rash, vomiting, diarrhea (dye-uh-REE-uh), and muscle pain.

Staph bacteria can produce other types of toxins that cause food poisoning if a person eats contaminated food (usually meats, poultry, eggs, and dairy products) that has not been heated or refrigerated at the proper temperature. Symptoms include belly pain, nausea (NAW-zee-uh), and vomiting. If the food poisoning is severe, a person may experience headaches, muscle aches, and blood pressure changes.

The Evolution of
Antibiotic-Resistant
Staph

Antibiotics are used widely to treat infections such as those caused by staph. Over time, staph bacteria may become stronger so that the antibiotics may not be as effective against the germ, which is known as antibiotic resistance. When Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928, staph bacteria were highly sensitive to it. Now, few staph bacteria are killed by penicillin. These bacteria often are resistant to many antibiotics. The more important strains of antibiotic-resistant staph are known as methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA is resistant to commonplace antibiotics, but it is still susceptible to the last-resort, more powerful medications. A more serious strain of staph infection, vancomycin intermediate staphylococcus aureus (VISA), can resist vancomycin, one of the most powerful (and last-resort) antibiotics available. Although all strains of the bacteria found so far have been treatable with some type of antibiotic, VISA potentially could defy all medication currently available to treat such infections. MRSA and VISA infections usually develop only in a hospital or health care facility, where prolonged treatment of patients with several antibiotics is common.

* pus is a thick, creamy fluid, usually yellow or greenish in color, that forms at the site of an infection. Pus contains infection-fighting white cells and other substances.

* hair follicle (FAH-lih-kul) is the skin structure from which hair develops and grows.

Some staph infections affect internal organs. Staph is a common cause of the bone infection osteomyelitis (ah-stee-o-my-uh-LYE-tis). Staph infections also may cause pneumonia (nu-MO-nyah), an inflammation of the lungs; blood infection (sepsis); and, more rarely, meningitis (mehnin-JY-tis), an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and the spinal cord (the meninges, meh-NIN-jeez). The bacteria may spread from an infection elsewhere in the body, or they can come from a medical device, such as a catheter * , that has been colonized * by staph bacteria. Staphylococcus aureus also may infect the heart valves, where it causes inflammation and gives rise to a condition called endocarditis (endo-kar-DYE-tis).

How Is a Staph Infection Diagnosed?

A doctor may diagnose and treat a staph infection based on its appearance, but a definite diagnosis is made by identifying the organism under a microscope or by culture * . Samples are taken from the site of the infection, which may be the skin, the blood, or an abscess. Staph food poisoning generally is diagnosed based on symptoms, dietary history, and sometimes illness in other people who have eaten the same food or eaten at the same place.

What Is the Treatment for Staph Infections?

Minor skin infections caused by staph bacteria often can be treated with an over-the-counter antibiotic ointment, or they can heal on their own. If a person has an abscess that stems from a staph infection, surgery to drain the pus may be necessary in addition to antibiotics, to allow the infection to heal.

More serious staph infections, such as endocarditis, osteomyelitis, TSS, and scalded skin syndrome, usually require hospitalization and supportive care, such as antibiotics, intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration, and other medications. Endocarditis caused by staph may require surgery in which the infected, damaged heart valve is removed and an artificial valve is inserted.

Because antibiotics are used widely to treat both minor and serious infections caused by staph and other bacteria, some strains of bacteria have become resistant to common antibiotics. New medications and forms of treatment will be important in the future, and scientists are working to develop a Staphylococcus aureus vaccine that might help people with weakened immune systems resist staph infection.

How Long Does Infection Last?

Minor skin infections caused by staph bacteria usually clear up within a week, whereas more serious widespread illnesses may take several weeks to more than a month to get better.

* lymph (LIMF) nodes are small, bean-shaped masses of tissue that contain immune system cells that fight harmful microorganisms. Lymph nodes may swell during infections.

* abscesses (AB-seh-sez) are localized or walled off accumulations of pus caused by infection that can occur anywhere within the body.

* catheter (KAH-thuh-ter) is a small plastic tube placed through a body opening into an organ (such as the bladder) or through the skin directly into a blood vessel. It is used to give fluids to or drain fluids from a person.

* colonized means that a group of organisms, particularly bacteria, are living on or inside the body without causing symptoms of infection.

* culture (KUL-chur) is a test in which a sample of fluid or tissue from the body is placed in a dish containing material that supports the growth of certain organisms. Typically, within days the organisms will grow and can be identified.

What Are the Complications of Staph Infection?

Minor staph skin infections rarely result in complications, but some can produce more widespread infection, such as sepsis, a serious systemic infection caused by bacteria invading the bloodstream. TSS can lead to shock * , organ failure, and death. Scalded skin syndrome can give rise to other infections, dehydration, and sepsis. Osteomyelitis can cause permanent bone damage and may require surgical treatment.

Can Staph Infections Be Prevented?

There are several ways to help prevent the spread of staph infections:

  • washing hands before eating and after using the toilet, or touching the nose
  • washing any cuts, scrapes, or open sores
  • keeping wounds covered with a clean bandage

Food poisoning can be prevented by washing hands before food preparation, storing food properly before cooking, cooking food to the appropriate temperatures, using clean utensils and dishes, and refrigerating or freezing food as soon as possible after cooking. To lessen the risk of TSS, women are advised to use less-absorbent tampons, to change them frequently, and not to use only tampons during a menstrual period, or to avoid tampons altogether.

* shock is a serious condition in which blood pressure is very low and not enough blood flows to the body's organs and tissues. Untreated, shock may result in death.

Resource

Organization

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333. The CDC provides information about infections such as staph, how often they occur, and how to prevent them.
Telephone 800-311-3435
http://www.cdc.gov



User Contributions:

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Oct 3, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
How dangerous is it if a person was hospitlized for 20 days with staph and still has an opening ozzing? How contagious is this for
people in the same house hold?
Please advise asap;
sylvia
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Aug 12, 2014 @ 2:02 am
husband has staph aureus pneumonia- on IV now-will be on antibiotic for remainder of life due to ICD & lead wire infection, also bovine value. can I catch staph from living intimate with him?
Angela
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Aug 30, 2014 @ 9:09 am
I have been hospitalized several times in the last 4 months for 3 different surgeries and infection. I now have infection where my drain tube was placed and I am being sent to another surgeon. They called it cellulitis in the doctors office and now possible staff. I am having difficulties in other areas of my body. Massive amounts of infection has drained from site. My husband is concerned that he can get it, is this true? Wound is closed at the moment.
melisa banks
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 5:17 pm
My Name is melisa Banks am from u.s.a I want to use these medium to testify what no one as don through the internet,the great dr guru brought back my husband after my husband has left me to one of his co_worker in his office,she casted a spell on my husband dr guru reveal it to me and he break the spell and my husband who swear that he will never come back to and my child,and he called me all sort of names,he now came back to me and my child on his kneels begging for forgiveness he said he did not no what come over him but what will I do than to forgive him,that devil of a girl want to take away my joy,I thank you so much dr guru you are indeed a great spell caster,is any one trying to take away your lover or your lover is trying to live you for no reason,I will advise you to contact thise great doctor on his email:drgurulovespelltemple@gmail.com,a problem said is a problem solve
John Helen
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Dec 16, 2014 @ 6:18 pm
This is incredible!! I still imagine how Dr Osauyi brought my husband back to me in just 2days. No one could have ever made me believe that there is a real spell caster that really work. My name is John Helen from United States, I want to quickly tell the world that there is a real on line spell caster that is powerful and genuine, His name is Dr Osauyi, He helped me recently to reunite my relationship wih my husband who left me, When i contacted Dr Osauyi he cast a love spell for me and my husband who said he doesn't have anything to do with me again called me and started begging me. he is back now with so much love and careing. today i am glad to let you all know that this spell caster have the powers of bring lovers back. because i am now happy with my husband. To anyone who is reading this article and needs any help, Dr osauyi can also offer any types of help like Reuniting of marriage and relationship, Curing of all types of Diseases, Court Cases, Pregnancy Spell, Spiritual protection and lot's more. You can contact him Via this email Osauyilovespell@yahoo.com or you can call his cell phone on +2347064294395
davis brown
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 11:11 am
I'm Davis brown from USA. My wife left me for no reason on 13th of June 2010. She moved in with another man, I felt like killing myself and I've tried so many spell casters but all to no avail. My life was very bitter and sorrowful. Then one day, a friend of mine told me about this spell caster called DR OGBIDI who helped her on her own situation when her husband left her. But at first i didn't believe it because i' have tested so many of them and it didn't work. she begged me further so I decided to try this spell caster called DR OGBIDI . I contacted him and i told him my problems and gave him all the necessary information he required. He just laughed and told me never to worry that my WIFE will call me back in less than two days and i believed, and after he has finished casting the spell my WIFE called me and started begging. She apologized and came back to me crying for a second chance. Today i and my wife and my two lovely kids are living happily like never before. I can really say that this spell caster is powerful because of his work my wife is home again. I'm now a very happy man and ever since she has shown me love like never before. Thank you DR OGBIDI I will forever be grateful to you. You can reach him on his email:
drogbidisolutionhome@gmail.com or drogbidisolutionhome@yahoo.co.uk he will solve any problem you are facing now. Just contact him and see his work. once again thank you DR OGBIDI
Jason Destiny
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 3:15 pm
My name is Mrs. Jason Destiny,From USA ,and I’m
happily married with a lovely husband and two
children.I had a very big problem with my husband
few months ago,to the extent that he even packed his
things away from our house. He left I and and my kids
for almost 5 months,and i tried all my possible best
and effort to bring him back.I discussed it with a very
good friend of mine,and he gave me an advice
concerning a spell caster, that he is the only one that
can handle my situations and problem,that he’s
always ready and able to do anything related to spell
casting and helping of the needy, Pls every every one i
would like you all to contact him with his email
address,which is as
follows.lovethlovespell@yahoo.com I
never believed in spell casting,but My friend
convinced me and i had no choice than to follow my
friend advice,because i never dreamed of loosing my
lovely Husband. And i contacted him with his email
address,and i discussed with him all my problems and
worries and so surprisingly,he told me that I’ll get my
husband back a day after. I didn't believed Him, until
when i got home,the next day,my husband called me
to inform me that he is coming back home…..So
Amazing!! That’s how i got my husband back through spell
casting and our relationship was stronger than ever.
One of the price i was asked to pay was to tell it to the
people around me that problems like this,can always
be solved by Dr Paul. So! my advice to you out
there is to visit this same E-mail address,and tell him
your problems too,if you are in any condition related
to love issue or getting your ex back or and problem
at all, pls Contact him and have a happy life. you can
contact him via email (lovethlovespell@yahoo.com)
or call him +2348101733265
Adrienne Moore
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 11:23 pm
I never knew people still have powers and make things happened this way. My name is Adrienne Moore am from American. my boyfriend Slay Scot left me for another girl for three months' ever since then my life have been filled with pains sorrow and heart break because he was my first love who this virgin me when i was 21 years old. about two years ago, A friend of mine Johnson Wilfred told me he saw some testimonies of this great Dr white that he can bring back lover within some few days, i laugh it out and said i am not interested but because of the love my friend had for me, she consulted the great priest on my behalf and to my greatest surprise after three days my boyfriend is going to call me for the very first time after three months that he is missing me and that he is so sorry for everything he made me went through. i still can't believe it, because it highly unbelievable it just too real to be real. Thank you Dr white for bringing back my lover and also to my lovely friend who interceded on my behalf, for any one who might need the help of this great priest here is the email address drwhitespiritualtemple@gmail.com
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Dec 17, 2014 @ 11:23 pm
GREAT THANK TO Dr Ofemo FOR HELPING ME WHEN I NEEDED HELP. A MAN WITH HIS WORLD,

My name is Janice Williams.living in California USA, i want to say a bigger thanks to dr.Ofemo for taking time to help me cast the spell that brings back my ex husband .No one could have ever made me believe that the letter I’m about to write would actually be one day be written. I was the world’s biggest skeptic. I never believed in magic spells or anything like this, but I was told by a reliable source (a very good friend of my was the one own told me about the Dr. Ofemo that him say man of is world that what ever him say so shall it be) the man call the Dr Ofemo is a very dedicated, gifted, and talented person,and is a good man that have help so many people to bring them Ex-lover back to them,It was one of the best things I have ever done. My love life was in shambles; And i said let me give him a try,and that was how he help me to get back my ex-husband. He did a love spell that make my ex-husband come back to me and marry me, With this testimony right now i am the happiest woman on earth and our love is now stronger than how it was even before. I will keep sharing this testimony all over the world. All thanks goes to Dr. Ofome for the good work that he has done for me and people. he deeply enjoy helping people achieve their desires,thanks to my friend who introduced me to him. Should in case anybody need his help you can contact him on his email address:drofemospelltemple@gmail.com Dr.Ofemo restore my life in my matrimonial home you can thank him for me or email him for urgent help in any bad situation i promise you he will also help you,his email address:drofemospelltemple@gmail.com.
Anita
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 12:00 am
Am Anita Micheal, i want to introduce to you the spell caster that gave me a premium life in my relationship and has made me to enjoy my husband to the fullest. He restored my marriage and blessed me with the fruit of the womb. I am so happy and excited because as i write and share this testimony like i have promised i now have a bouncing baby boy and my husband is so nice and loving to us like never before. thank you great one for this you have done. i am sincerely greatful. High Chief Priest Omiemie, you are so real, true and sincerely unlike others that are impostors and scammers. i never thought there is any real one out there that can be of help until i came across your and emailed you now i know that you are great and truen because i am a living testimony to your works. friend please be warned there are so many scammers out there, one person that has been tested and tried is High Chief Priest Omiemie. contact him on WORLDGREATESTSPELLCASTER@GMAIL.COM he is ever ready and willing to help anytime anyday. He is trusted. to be fore warned is to be fore armed dont get scammed by impostors, High Chief Priest Omiemie is real and true, contact him on WORLDGREATESTSPELLCASTER@GMAIL.COM.
laira ragel
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 1:13 pm
HELLO
What a great and wonderful testimony.
I am laira rangel from northern ireland, i want to use this golden medium to appreciate Dr.Imonah a great spell caster for helping me retrieving back my relationship with my ex lover when he ended and turned back on me for quite a long time now (5 months ago). He performed a spell for me and for 48 hours after the spell had been casted i recieve a text from my ex saying that he is sorry for the pains and tears that he had caused me and that he will not do such thing to me again in his life again. I was surprised but later accepted him back again. Anyone that is in the same line of problem or different one and want to contact him should happily contact him now on this email address. (drimonahspiritualtemple@gmail.com) He is very powerful and can help you.
TRACY
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 5:17 pm
“When my boyfriend and I broke up I was completely lost. A good friend of mine recommended that I have a love spell cast to bring him back by DR SAMBOLA spell temple. I thought that idea of a love spell was strange, but was willing to give it a shot. When I contacted Dr SAMBOLA for the first time I was scared because I was not sure if what they did went against my religion. he assured me that they only use traditional voodoo which is safe and has no side effects. I felt a little better and decided to do the return lover spell. I did not think that it would work considering my ex and his whole family hated me and told me never to contact them again. Within 3days he showed up at my job and brought flowers to me. He said that he missed me more than he could describe and decided that the good out weighed the bad. We got back together and our relationship has been better the second time around. I have to give DR SAMBOLA spell temple all of the credit in the world for helping us get back to a better place than where we began. The new found love that he has for me is incredible and I can’t wait to see what the future holds!” he can also help you his email is greatsambolaspiritualtemple@gmail.com
stella
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Dec 18, 2014 @ 11:23 pm
I Never believed i was ever going to be HIV Negative again,Dr odumodu has given me reasons to be happy, i was HIV positive for 2years and all the means i tried for treatment was not helpful to me, but when i came on the Internet i saw great testimony about Dr on how he was able to cure someone from HIV, this person said great things about this man, and advice we contact him for any Disease problem that Dr odumodu can be of help, well i decided to give him a try, he requested for my information which i sent to him, and he told me he was going to prepare for me a healing portion, which he wanted me to take for days, and after which i should go back to the hospital for check up, well after taking all the treatment sent to me by Dr odumodu, i went back to the Hospital for check up, and now i have been confirmed HIV Negative, friends you can reach Dr odumodu on any treatment for any Disease he is the one only i can show you all up to, reach him on (drodumoduspiritualpower@gmail.com)
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Dec 19, 2014 @ 4:04 am
Hello to every one out here, am here to share the unexpected miracle that happened to me three days ago, My name is Edwin Wallace i live in United State,and I`m happily married to a lovely and caring wife,with two kids A very big problem occurred in my family seven months ago,between me and my wife so terrible that she took the case to court for a divorce she said that she never wanted to stay with me again,and that she did not love me anymore So she packed out of my house and made me and my children passed through severe pain. I tried all my possible means to get her back,after much begging,but all to no avail and she confirmed it that she has made her decision,and she never wanted to see me again. So on one evening,as i was coming back from work,i met an old friend of mine who asked of my wife So i explained every thing to her,so she told me that the only way i can get my wife back,is to visit a spell caster,because it has really worked for her too So i never believed in spell,but i had no other choice,than to follow her advice. Then she gave me the email address of the spell caster whom she visited.(drakugbespellhome@gmail.com}, So the next morning,i sent a mail to the address she gave to me,and the spell caster assured me that i will get my wife back the next day what an amazing statement!! I never believed,so he spoke with me,and told me everything that i need to do. Then the next morning, So surprisingly, my wife who did not call me for the past seven {7}months,gave me a call to inform me that she was coming back So Amazing!! So that was how she came back that same day,with lots of love and joy,and she apologized for her mistake,and for the pain she caused me and my children. Then from that day,our relationship was now stronger than how it were before,by the help of a spell caster . So, i will advice you out there to kindly visit the same website {drakugbespellhome@gmail.com},i f you are in any condition like this,or you have any problem related to "bringing your ex back. So thanks to Dr clement for bringing back my wife,and brought great joy to my family once again.(drakugbespellhome@gmail.com }, Thanks..
LydiaFred
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Dec 19, 2014 @ 6:18 pm
I am Lydia Fred i lives in united states and i was in a serious relationship with my Ex Guy for 3 good years.. One day we were in a dinner party, we had a little misunderstanding which lead to a Quarrel and he stood up and left me at the dinner party. i try to call him but he was not picking my calls so after than i contacted my brother and told him about it,my brother so much love me that he had to see him on my behalf,he told my brother that it is over between us. I cry all day, Then i contacted a friend of mine that had this similar experience and she directed me to Dr.Azuka, and i contacted him and tell him my problems how i lost my relationship with my lover. at first i thought it was not going to be possible.i was ask to come up with a little requirement information of me and my Ex Guy,so i did what i was ask to do, after 24Hours the spell was cast i was in my office when my Ex Guy called me and was asking me to forgive him and come back to him. i was very surprise it was like a dream to me. my ex is now back and he treat me very good. and our relationship is now stronger ask ever before. if you are act there looking for help is time for you to still put your hope on dr. azuka love spell, i promise you that you will be happy with your ex again email him. Greatazukalovespell@gmail.com or greatazukalovespell@yahoo.com tell +2348071398555.
Bekar Joe
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Dec 19, 2014 @ 7:19 pm
Hi My name is "BEKAR JOE" I was married for 15years with lilian my wife and 2kids and we lived happily until things started getting ugly and we had fights and arguments almost every time... it got worse at a point that she filed for divorce... I tried my best to make her change her mind & stay with me.she moved out of the house and still went ahead to file for divorce... I pleaded and tried everything but still nothing worked. The breakthrough came when someone introduced me to this wonderful, great spell caster who eventually helped me out... I have never been a fan of things like this but just decided to try reluctantly cause I was desperate and left with no choice... He did special prayers and used roots and herbs... Within 7 days she called me and was sorry for all the emotional trauma she had cost me, she moved back to the house and we continue to live happily. what a wonderful miracle dr. trust did for me and my family. I have introduced him to a lot of couples with problems across the world and they have had good news... I strongly believe someone out there need's his help... via (Ultimatespellcast@yahoo.com or ultimatespellcast@gmail.com) Don't give up just yet, the different between "Ordinary" & "Extra-Ordinary" is the "Extra" so make extra effort to save your marriage/relationship if it's truly worth it.call him +2348156885231
Janice Williams
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Dec 19, 2014 @ 11:23 pm
GREAT THANK TO Dr Ofemo FOR HELPING ME WHEN I NEEDED HELP. A MAN WITH HIS WORLD,

My name is Janice Williams.living in California USA, i want to say a bigger thanks to dr.Ofemo for taking time to help me cast the spell that brings back my ex husband .No one could have ever made me believe that the letter I’m about to write would actually be one day be written. I was the world’s biggest skeptic. I never believed in magic spells or anything like this, but I was told by a reliable source (a very good friend of my was the one own told me about the Dr. Ofemo that him say man of is world that what ever him say so shall it be) the man call the Dr Ofemo is a very dedicated, gifted, and talented person,and is a good man that have help so many people to bring them Ex-lover back to them,It was one of the best things I have ever done. My love life was in shambles; And i said let me give him a try,and that was how he help me to get back my ex-husband. He did a love spell that make my ex-husband come back to me and marry me, With this testimony right now i am the happiest woman on earth and our love is now stronger than how it was even before. I will keep sharing this testimony all over the world. All thanks goes to Dr. Ofome for the good work that he has done for me and people. he deeply enjoy helping people achieve their desires,thanks to my friend who introduced me to him. Should in case anybody need his help you can contact him on his email address:drofemospelltemple@gmail.com . Dr.Ofemo restore my life in my matrimonial home you can thank him for me or email him for urgent help in any bad situation i promise you he will also help you,his email address:drofemospelltemple@gmail.com.
dr alex
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 3:15 pm
I just want to share my experience with the entire world on how i got my husband back and saved my marriage… I was married for 5 years with 2 kids and i have been living happily with my family until things started getting ugly with me and my husband that leads us to fights and arguments almost every time… it got worse at a point that my husband filed for divorce… I tried my best to make him change his mind & stay with me cause i loved him with all my heart and didn't want to loose my husband but everything just didn't work out… He moved out of the house and still went ahead to file for divorce… I pleaded and tried everything but still nothing worked. The breakthrough came when someone introduced me to this wonderful, great spell caster called DR ALEX from DELIVERSPELLTEMPLE@gmail.com. Who eventually helped me out… I have never been a fan of things like this but just decided to try it because I was desperate and left with no choice… He did the spell for me and things really work out as he promise and my husband have a change of mind and come back home to stay with me and the kids. And promise never to hurt me again. we are living happily as it was with the help of DR ALEX. If you are in need of help you can contact DR ALEX via email @ DELIVERSPELLTEMPLE@gmail.com. He is here to help good luck
Jeffrey Dowling
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 4:16 pm
An amazing testimony on a spell caster who brought my wife back to me.. My name is Jeffrey Dowling i live in usa,and I`m happily married to a lovely and caring wife,with two kids A very big problem occurred in my family seven months ago,between me and my wife so terrible that she took the case to court for a divorce she said that she never wanted to stay with me again,and that she did not love me anymore So she packed out of my house and made me and my children passed through severe pain. I tried all my possible means to get her back,after much begging,but all to no avail and she confirmed it that she has made her decision,and she never wanted to see me again. So on one evening,as i was coming back from work,i met an old friend of mine who asked of my wife So i explained every thing to her,so she told me that the only way i can get my wife back,is to visit a spell caster,because it has really worked for her too So i never believed in spell,but i had no other choice,than to follow her advice. Then she gave me the email address of the spell caster whom she visited.{templeofsucccessandlove@gmail.com}. So the next morning,i sent a mail to the address she gave to me,and the spell caster assured me that i will get my wife back the next day what an amazing statement!! I never believed,so he spoke with me,and told me everything that i need to do. Then the next morning, So surprisingly, my wife who did not call me for the past seven {5}months,gave me a call to inform me that she was coming back So Amazing!! So that was how she came back that same day,with lots of love and joy,and she apologized for her mistake,and for the pain she caused me and my children. Then from that day,our relationship was now stronger than how it were before,by the help of a spell caster . So, i will advice you out there to kindly visit the same website {templeofsucccessandlove@gmail.com},if you are in any condition like this,or you have any problem related to "bringing your ex back. So thanks to the Dr Mako for bringing back my wife,and brought great joy to my family once again.{templeofsucccessandlove@gmail.com}
Thanks..
maria
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 4:16 pm
my name i denies maria am from Canada living in united state i went you
all to help me thank Dr olufa for help me ,i was married for the past
5 years and no child and we have be going to defriend hospital take drugs
but no solution on until one day i meant a friend on internet who tall
me how he was pregnant through the help of dr olufa herb and he directed
me to dr olufa i did not believe it until i contacted the powerful man who was
able to help me out of the situation with his herbs i take the herb for
7 days and he tell me to sleep with my husband or the one i love and i do
so within the nest month i went for check up and my doctor confirmed me
that i am two week pregnant and i was so happy,today i am a mother kids
a boy and i am pregnant again na and my family is happy again all thank
to dr olufa, i want every one with this problem to be free, that is why
am dropping his email address, (olufahomeofsolution@outlook.com)
Kara Joles
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
Today has being the most happiest day of my life after 1 year of sadness and sorrow without being with the one i love, i tried all my possible best to make sure i make my lover happy but it never seems to work out well it was like am doing everything in vain but all thanks to Dr.Azuka for coming to change all my worries and sadness to Joy. i knew the great man when i read some wonderful reviews about Dr.Azuka how he has helped a lots of people on there relationship problem i was reading a magazine which then i saw great testimonies as well which then i decided not to waste time.he told me not to worry that he assures me that within 48 hours everything would be sorted out i believed Dr.Azuka so much because i believe he can't fail me and i sent him all my details. Truly Dr.Azuka never failed me,my husband who left me for good a year come back to me. My husband and i have been living contentedly since this spell caster reunited us together with his love spells. Thank you so so so much Dr.Azuka for your powerful spells. expressions are not sufficient to say thank you. here is his email address Greatazukalovespell@gmail.com or greatazukalovespell@yahoo.com tell +2348071398555.
beckyross
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Dec 20, 2014 @ 10:22 pm
My name is Becky Ross , I really want to testify to the good work of Dr. Ogala for what he has don for me . couple of years ago, my husband left home after we had little misunderstanding, he never returned, no phone calls, no letters, no emails and no sign of him anywhere.and at the same time My daughter got sick so ill, things were so tough for me. I had lost hope, 2 years ago, i met a psychic, he said he would help me, i give him a try but all to no nothing happened, i lost hope completely, my daughter's situation got worse each day. Last month, i saw a posting concerning the good works of the Spiritual professional(Dr. Ogala), i told the great man my problem and he told me that there is nothing to be worry about for me contacting him all my problem is savol .. He asked me to provide the spiriual materials needed to cast the spells and of cost which i did (Bring Lover back, Healing spell and Career spells). In a matter of weeks, my husband called me and told me he was sorry and that he wants to come back to me and that he would explain everything when he comes back, three days later, i got a call from the new job i apple for with an Real Estate company, right now, my daughter's is finally healed. I want to thanks DR. Ogala,for what he has don for me and my family. you can contact him via email: Holyspellcast@gmail.com or Holyspellcast@yahoo.com his web site his the solution to all problem i no you are going to be the next to shera your testsimony to people you can call the great man on +2348039456308..
rebecca
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Dec 21, 2014 @ 1:01 am
I must confess that over here in the United Kingdom it is very difficult to get a powerful spell caster that will be able to restore broken marriages or relationships, But through the help of the internet i was able to get in touch with this powerful spell caster called Dr.Adodo after reading a lot of good reviews about him on the internet so i contact him through these details via email: Adodospelltemple@gmail.com or +2348107527833 And after i told him about my relationship stress then Dr.Adodo told me to calm down that my lover will come back to apologies to for leaving me, I never taught that this was going to be possible, Just within 48 hours that i contacted Dr.Adodo my lover sent me and a sms text saying that i should forgive him and before i knew it he was already at my place begging me to accept him back. you can contact him on Adodospelltemple@gmail.com or call his mobile number
+2348107527833
alisa
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Dec 21, 2014 @ 1:01 am
I want to testify of the good work done by a faithful Dr Adodo, a spell caster. in my life I never thought there is such thing as love spell intercession. my problem started nine months back when the father of my kids started putting up some strange behavior, I never knew he was having an affair outside our home. it dawn on me on that faithful day when he came to the house to pick his things that was when I knew that situation has gotten out of hand and he then told me he was quitting the marriage which I have built for over five years, I was confused and dumbfounded I called on family and friends but to no avail. two months after I started having problem with my kids welfare rent-age and all of it, I really went through hell. until a day I was browsing on the internet and I happen to meet a spell caster I never believed on this but I needed my man back so I gave the spell caster my problem at first I never trusted him so I was just doing it but you know a problem shared is half solved after a 2 days my husband called me telling me that he his coming back home and that was all. now we are living happily.contact him on this email: Adodospelltemple@gmail.com you call his mobile number +2348107527833

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